Urban history and development of Kabul: Rencostruction and planning issues today

10th Architecture & Behaviour Colloquium
April, 4-7, 2004, Monte Verità, Ascona, Switzerland 

In collaboration with:the Aga Khan Trust for Culture the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation the Cantone Ticino the Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne

The three-day Colloquium offers an opportunity to discuss the issues involved in Kabul’s current reconstruction and planning by reference to the city’s history as well as to case studies of initiatives taken to deal with pressing urban problems. In a post-war context, solutions for housing, transportation and infrastructure needs have had to have been thought about, decided on and implemented in an ad hoc and urgent way, whereas a general urban planning approach is also necessary for a coordinated development. How can “bottom-up” and “top-down” approaches be articulated and reconciled in the context of Kabul’s rehabilitation considering also the public pressure and the political context?

Key authorities from Kabul involved with planning and (re)construction will participate in the Colloquium, as well as representatives from NGOs and implementing agencies who have already been involved in decision-making and the formulation and execution of urban projects.

In line with preceding Architecture & Behaviour Colloquiums, discussions will be interdisciplinary and grounded on research, but on this occasion with a special concern for an immediate built and economic reality with its ongoing dynamics and immediate necessity for interventions. The Colloquium will bring together international expertise with experiences from other comparable (post-war or post-destruction) contexts as well as local actors.

The unique contact network of the Aga Khan Trust for Culture will facilitate the reunion of urban planners and architects with a specific expertise on cities and contexts relevant to those in Afghanistan. In addition, Architecture & Behaviour Colloquiums have always put emphasis on the users’ involvement and this will also be the case with the discussions this year.

It is foreseen that the discussions and outcome of the Colloquium will be published in a double format: – (1) a document to appear shortly after the conference and to be distributed among parties concerned with urban development and reconstruction issues in Kabul and (2) as a volume containing the proceedings of the conference in the Architecture & Behaviour series published by Comportements (Lausanne) and circulated to subscribers and bookshops.

A follow-up to the Colloquium is foreseen in Kabul: the involvement of local actors in collecting and coordinating data from different districts and ongoing projects, which will then become crucial information for a data-bank on urban planning. Among others, the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation has expressed interest in such projects.

The Colloquium will be organised, as the preceding ones, in the Monte Verità Conference Centre, on the Swiss shore of Lake Maggiore, an environment highly conducive for profitable formal and informal discussions. For more information about the history of Monte Verità look at www.tcp.ch/cultura/Hermann_Hesse/Mte_Verit_/mte_verit_.html . You will find more about preceding Architecture & Behaviour Colloquiums at: www.colloquia.ch and select Architecture & Behaviour Colloquiums. Panels will show pictures from Kabul in 1972-76 taken by the ethnologists Mr. and Mrs. Centlivres as more as more recent views and plans.

Programme

Sunday afternoon (April 4) and Monday morning (April 5)

                       Arrival of participants (no official programme)

Monday, April 5

09.00-12.00    Colloquium Office is open for Inscriptions

12.30-13.30    Lunch, Monte Verità Restaurant

14.00-15.15    Official Colloquium opening

Introduction
14.00Kaj Noschis, Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne
Opening of the 10th Architecture & Behaviour Colloquium
14.15Josep Acebillo, Director, Accademia d’Architettura, Università della Svizzera italiana
Welcome address
14.30Luis Monreal, General Manager, AKTC, Geneva
Introduction to the Colloquium
14.45Tom Schacher, Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC)
Swiss Hopes for Afghanistan
15.00Marcus Schadl, University of Munich
A Short Reminder about the Urban History of Kabul
Urban perspectives and forces in Kabul today
15.15Qiamuddin Djallalzada, Deputy Minister and Acting Minister, Ministry of Urban Development and Housing (MUDH), Kabul
Planning the Future Development of the City of Kabul: Institutional Constraints and Current Opportunities
15.45-16.15Coffee break
16.15Amirudin Salek, Deputy Mayor, Municipality of Kabul
Implementing the Physical Recovery of the City of Kabul: The Role of Kabul Municipali
16.30Eberhard Knapp, Architect, Advisor to KfW, Frankfurt and Kabul
Planning with an urban perspective: Experiences from Kabul
16.45Abdul Wasay Najimi, Architect, AKTC, Kabul
Preservation and revival of cultural identity: How can the rehabilitation of the historical quarters of Kabul respond to the needs of the city
17.00Fahim Hakim, Chair Afghan Human Rights Commission, Kabul
Addressing the Complexity of Ground Realities: Security and Confidence Building
17.15Alain Viaro, Town Planner, Institut Universitaire des Études du Développement, University of Geneva
Is There Any Sense for a Master Plan?
Discussion
17.30-18.30Moderator: Babar Khan Mumtaz
19.00Dinner, Monte Verità Restaurant
20.00Visit of the Monte Verità Museum (Museum of Utopia – Villa Natta)

For further information please contact: Dr. Kaj Noschis, Faculté de l’Environnement naturel, architectural et construit, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne. Postal address: ENAC, BP, E.P.F.L., 1015 Lausanne, Switzerland Phone: +41-21-3231056 Fax: +41-21-3231052 E-Mail : Kaj.Noschis@epfl.ch  
For logistical questions contact: Colloquia PSE-C (Parc scientifique sur le site de l’Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne) 1015 Lausanne, Switzerland Phone: +41-21-6938359 Fax: +41-21-6938477 E-mail: info@colloquia.ch .   Additional information on Architecture & Behaviour Colloquia and publications can be found at: www.colloquia.ch  
 

List of participants:

Josep Acebillo, Università della Svizzera italiana Sultan Zuhdi Barakat, University of York, UK Zahra Breshna, Ministry of Urban Development and Housing, Kabul Joanna de Berry, Save the Children, Kabul & London Farrokh Derakhshani, AKTC, Geneva Qiamuddin Djallalzada, Deputy Minister and Acting Minister, Ministry of Urban Development and Housing, Kabul David Driskell, City and Regional Planning, Cornell University Halina Dunin, Oslo School of Architecture, Norway Peter Gotsch, University of Karlsruhe, Germany Fahim Hakim, Afghan Human Rights Commission, Kabul Eberhard Knapp, architect, Frankfurt & Kabul Pirkko-Liisa Lintilä, Colloquia, Lausanne Ajmal Maiwandi, architect, Kabul Dad Mohammad, CARE, Kabul Luis Monreal, AKTC, Geneva Babar Khan Mumtaz, University College London Abdul Wasay Najimi, AKTC, Kabul Kaj Noschis, Environnement naturel, architectural et construit, Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne Suha Özkan, AKTC, Geneva Attilio Petruccioli, University of Bari, Italy Tom Schacher, Swiss Development and Cooperation Agency, Bern Marcus Schadl, University of Munich Stefan Schütte, AREU Kabul Mohamad Sharif, UN Habitat, Kabul Anna Soave, architect, AKTC, Kabul Veikko Vasko, University of Technology, Helsinki Alain M. Viaro, Institut universitaire d’études du développement, Geneva Akbar Zargar, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran